Seventy-two countries have participated in the Own Eurovision Song Contest since it started in 2012. The contest, organised by the Own European Broadcasting Union, is held between members of the Union. Broadcasters from different countries submit songs to the event, and cast votes to determine the most popular in the competition.

Participation in the contest is primarily open to all active member broadcasters of the OEBU. To be an active member, broadcasters must be a member of the Own European Broadcasting Union. Eligibility to participate is not determined by geographic inclusion within the continent of Europe, despite the "Euro" in "Eurovision", nor does it have a direct connection with the European Union. Countries geographically outside the boundaries of Europe can compete. These includes several transcontinental countries with only part of their territory in Europe, North Africa and Western Asia.

The number of countries participating each edition has grown steadily. A record 65 countries participated in the 26th edition. As the number of contestants has risen, preliminary competitions have been introduced, to ensure that as many countries as possible get the chance to compete. In the 11th edition, a third semi-final was introduced. In the 31st edition, the union set a limit of forty-eight countries, therefore a relegation rule was introduced; the lowest-placed countries in the previous contest would not compete in the following edition. In the 43rd edition, a quarter-final was introduced; five lowest-placed countries from each semi-final from the previous edition would compete in the quarter-final in order to advance to the semi-finals. After the quarter-final, two semi-finals are held with all countries, except the host country and the Big Five, participating in one of the semi-finals.

Some countries, such as Greece, RomaniaSpain and Turkey have entered most editions, while Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan have only entered once.

Participants[edit | edit source]

The following table lists the countries that are eligible to participate in the contest.

Country Debut Entries Wins Broadcaster
Flag of Albania.svg Albania
#01
44
0
RTSH
Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra
#01
44
1
RTVA
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia
#01
45
1
ARMTV
Flag of Austria.svg Austria
#01
40
0
ORF
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
#04
41
1
İTV
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus
#04
38
0
BTRC
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium
#01
48
2
VRT, RTBF
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina
#01
46
0
BHRT
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
#01
49
0
BNT
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia
#01
53
2
HRT
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus
#01
49
1
CyBC
Flag of Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic
#01
38
0
ČT
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
#01
52
2
DR
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia
#03
47
0
ERR
Flag of Faroe Islands.svg Faroe Islands
#07
31
0
KVF
Flag of Finland.svg Finland
#04
48
3
YLE
Flag of France.svg France
#05
48
1
GRF
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia
#06
41
1
GBP
Flag of Germany.svg Germany
#02
51
2
ARD
Flag of Gibraltar.svg Gibraltar
#55
1
0
GBC
Flag of Greece.svg Greece
#01
53
1
ERT
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
#03
42
1
HU/MTV
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland
#02
44
0
RÚV
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
#01
49
1
RTÉ
Flag of Israel.svg Israel
#02
46
1
IPBC
Flag of Italy.svg Italy
#01
51
1
RAI
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
#08
46
0
RTRK
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo
#01
51
1
RTK
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia
#08
31
0
LTV
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon
#08
40
0
LBC
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein
#04
34
1
1FLTV
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania
#03
41
0
LRT
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg
#06
34
0
RTL
Flag of Malta.svg Malta
#01
44
1
PBS
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova
#01
50
1
TRM
Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco
#02
36
0
TMC
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro
#02
38
0
RTCG
Flag of Netherlands.svg Netherlands
#05
50
1
NPO
Flag of North Macedonia.svg North Macedonia
#01
46
1
MRT
Flag of Norway.svg Norway
#02
49
1
NRK
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
#07
45
4
TVP
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
#01
43
0
RTP
Flag of Romania.svg Romania
#01
53
3
TVR
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
#01
51
3
C1R
Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino
#01
35
2
SMTV
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia
#01
50
0
RTS
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia
#03
40
1
RTVS
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
#01
44
0
RTVSLO
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
#01
54
1
RTVE
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
#01
52
2
SVT
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland
#01
41
0
SRG/SSR
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey
#01
52
0
TRT
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
#02
45
1
NTU
Flag of United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
#01
13
0
BBC

Former Participants[edit | edit source]

The following table lists the countries that have participated in the contest at least once, but are no longer members of the OEBU.

Country Debut Last Entries Wins Broadcaster
Åland Islands.png Åland Islands
#08
#27
19
1
TVÅ
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria
#13
#53
36
1
ENTV
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
#15
#52
27
1
ERTU
England.png England
#03
#44
41
1
BBC England
Greenland.png Greenland
#02
#31
22
0
KNR
Jordan.png Jordan
#16
#27
9
0
JRTV
Kyrgyzstan.png Kyrgyzstan
#17
#17
1
0
KTRK
Flag of Libya.svg Libya
#11
#34
3
0
LNC
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco
#12
#53
29
0
SNRT
Northern Ireland.png Northern Ireland
#06
#44
35
1
BBC NI
Palestine.png Palestine
#14
#31
3
0
PBC
Scotland.png Scotland
#03
#43
37
1
BBC Scotland
Syria.png Syria
#25
#37
9
1
ORTAS
Tajikistan.png Tajikistan
#15
#15
1
0
TVT
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
#13
#34
12
0
PBC
Turkmenistan.png Turkmenistan
#15
#19
2
0
TTV
Uzbekistan.png Uzbekistan
#16
#44
18
0
MTRK
Vatican City.png Vatican City
#04
#27
16
0
RV
Wales.png Wales
#05
#44
38
1
BBC Cymru Wales

Other countries[edit | edit source]

Several countries that were members of OEBU have participated in the past. However, due to restrictions set by the union, the farthest geographically countries were refused membership and further participation. Some of them later joined other unions and could participate in the partner contests. For example: Greenland joined the Own American Broadcasting Association and thus could debut in the Own Americavision Song Contest; the countries from Central and Western Asia joined the Own Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union and debuted in Own Asiavision Song Contest. Vatican City also used to participate in the past through its member broadcaster Vatican Radio (RV), but later withdrew. It is believed that RV might refuse to participate due to the church's condemning of homosexuality, which is often endorsed by the contest. Åland Islands, despite having participated and even winning the contest, was declined their OEBU membership due the restrictions that only sovereign states are allowed to participate. After the reunification of the United Kingdom, the constituent countries of the kingdom — England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales — could not participate on their own anymore.

Unsuccessful attempts to participate[edit | edit source]

There have been several unsuccessful attempts to participate in the Own Eurovision Song Contest. For broadcasters to participate, they must be a member of the OEBU and register their intention to compete before the deadline specified in the rules of that edition. Each participating broadcaster pays a fee towards the organisation of the contest. Should a country withdraw from the contest after the deadline, they will still need to pay these fees, and may also incur a fine or temporary ban.

Northern Cyprus[edit | edit source]

Flag of Northern Cyprus.png Northern Cyprus has never participated in the Own Eurovision Song Contest.

On August 2020, GENC Television unsuccessfully attempted to enter the fifty-fourth edition. However, the broadcaster, GENC Television, was not accepted into the OEBU as the country is not recognised by the vast majority of members. However, the country made it clear that if they had debuted, Ziynet Sali would have represented the country.

See also[edit | edit source]

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